Asthma Treatment and Management
- The stepwise method to asthma management entails switching the frequency of medication administration and doses to increase when necessary and decrease when possible.
- It is used to attain and maintain asthma control as it is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the airways (Rosenthal & Burchum, 2020).
- It tends to have recurrent aggravations that require therapy; especially for the persistent state to suppress long-term inflammation and avoid exacerbations.
- This essay aims to define long-term control and quick-relief treatment options for a patient with asthma.
- It also explains the stepwise method to asthma management and treatment how it would enable healthcare workers and patients to control the ailment.
Long-term Control and Quick Relief Treatment
- Asthma is an inflammation that raises significant health concerns common for affecting both adults and children globally.
- Prevention of its symptoms begins by controlling airway inflammation and hyperreactivity as its principal treatment objective.
- Best long-term asthma management and control involve active treatment management to prevent long-term complications and prevent attacks.
- Quick-relief approach includes inhaler use and keeping a record of when the inhaler is needed (Falk et al., 2016).
- The primary lung function tests include peak low, test done at home with handheld expedient referred to as peak flow meter (Rosenthal & Burcham, 2020.
- Another test is spirometry, usually done at a doctor’s office through a spirometer machine.
- Another method is adjusting medications and treatments in line with the patient’s action plan applicable for long term treatment
- Treating asthma requires two main categories of medications; long-term management medicines and quick-relief inhalers.
- Long-term medications contain inhaled corticosteroids and are most vital for keeping the condition under control. Preventive medicines treat airway inflammations that generate asthmatic symptoms.
- The quick-relief inhalers have fast-working medications like albuterol (Rosenthal & Burchum, 2020).
- The key to keeping asthma control in green zones is through long-term medications.
- The patient should work closely with the doctor since the symptoms and severity of the disease keeps changing. It is wise also to follow the doctor’s plan for minimizing asthmatic destructions due to its symptoms.
- The stepwise approach is an expert panel recommended method appropriate for managing asthma.
- It purposes to gain control while stepping down aims to relieve patients who have successfully maintained control for an appropriate amount of time to receive fewer medications and minimize the risks of side effects.
- It is divided into two; for patient and healthcare providers (Falk et al., 2016).
- The patient’s stepwise approach includes treating and managing asthma through a set-up or set-down therapy.
- The approach for any healthcare provider is to complement the doctors’ decisions without replacing them.
It is advisable to incorporate alternative medications during inadequate response cases, and such cases call for immediate discontinuation of current medications into the preferred treatment before the step-down approach (Rosenthal & Burchum, 2020).
- Stepwise method involves switching the frequency of medication administration and dose increase when necessary, or decrease, when possible.
- The approach is used to attain and maintain asthma control because it is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the airways which aggressively recurs, requiring therapy.
- Mayo Clinic’s recommended long-term asthma management and control involves active management of treatment, which prevents long-term complications and attacks (Falk et al., 2016).
- Long-term relief and quick treatments include; keeping track of symptoms daily to tell the required course of treatment adjustment, recording when lungs work correctly, and working closely with the doctor since the symptoms and severity of the condition keep changing.
- The stepwise approach of managing the condition is applicable for stepping up care purposes to gain control while stepping down aims to relieve patients who have successfully maintained control for an appropriate amount of time to receive fewer medications and minimize the risks of side effects
Falk, N., Hughes, S. W., & Rodgers, B. C. (2016). Medications for chronic asthma. American family physician, 94(6), 454-462.
Rosenthal, L., & Burchum, J. (2020). Lehne’s Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Nurses and Physician Assistants-E- Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.
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