Stages Of Memory
Answer: Stages Of Memory
What is memory?
Memory is defined as “the process of retaining knowledge across time.” (Matlin, 2005) Stages Of Memory
“Memory is the process through which we draw on our prior experiences in order to apply this knowledge in the present.” Sternberg (1999).
stages of memory.
When information enters our memory system (through sensory input), it must be converted into a format that the system can handle in order for it to be stored.
Consider it analogous to exchanging your money for a foreign currency while traveling from one nation to another. A word that is viewed (in a book, for example) may be kept if it is converted (encoded) into a sound or a meaning (i.e. semantic processing). Stages Of Memory
There are three primary methods for encoding (changing) information:
1. Visual (picture)
2. Acoustics (sound)
3. lexical (meaning)
Storage of Memories
This refers to the characteristics of memory storage, such as where information is stored, how long it lasts (duration), how much can be stored at any given time (capacity), and what type of data is stored.
The way we store information influences how we retrieve it. The contrasts between Short Term Memory (STM) and Long Term Memory (LTM) have been the subject of extensive research (LTM). Memory’s Stages
This has to do with getting data out of storage. If we can’t recollect something, it’s possible that we won’t be able to recover it. When we need to recall something from memory, the differences between STM and LTM become clear.
STM is saved and retrieved in a sequential manner. If a group of volunteers is given a list of words to memorize and then asked to recall the fourth word on the list, they will go through the list in the order in which they heard it in order to retrieve the information.
tion. Stages Of Memory
Stages Of Memory
Question: Stages Of Memory
what are the stages of memory?