SOC 220 Week 2 Discussion 1

SOC 220 Week 2 Discussion 1


Institutional discrimination is a social problem that is socially created by multiple institutions, including educational institutions, and is then incorporated into social policies and practices. This social problem became socially created by the creation of educational policies and practices that do not address diversity. Institutional discrimination was created. For years, Blacks did not have access to the same educational experiences, like the whites in schools, which kept them at a disadvantage. This created the institutional discrimination inequality between Blacks and Whites (McCombs).

Institutionalized discrimination in the past has resulted in social policies and practices that have kept marginalized populations facing hardships. Racial bias and segregation in the medical, education, housing and employment sectors are prevalent. In order to eliminate institutional discrimination, the country must address racial bias and segregation by providing equal access to opportunities, medical care, and public education. To fix a current social problem of institutional discrimination people must stand up together to challenge notions and actions of racial bias and segregation.

Institutional discrimination occurs when social policies and practices discriminate against certain groups of people. The most common forms of institutional discrimination occurred in the early 20th century against African Americans, Hispanics, and women. The people who have been discriminated are required to fulfill jobs that are less-deserving, such as maids, janitors and construction workers. Other social problems were the women weren’t allowed to vote, African Americans had their own separate schools, facilities and parks. Some possible solutions could be having all schools for everyone, building more public parks for everyone to use, making a change to the voting system (allowing women to vote), or allowing the minority groups (African Americans) to work in the same job fields as White males without fear.

During the early 1900s there was a shift in the United States from exclusion to segregation with regards to social policy and practices. There was much discrimination towards poor and immigrant groups, causing them to be segregated. Although discrimination is still present, over time more and more social policies and practices have changed in favor of diversity and acceptance. Policies such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Affirmative Action were introduced to make changes towards social equity. Many people continue to fight for equality and similar laws will likely change with time to accommodate these groups. Discrimination is an important social problem in the United States because it directly effects individuals. By understanding the nature of this discrimination one can see that it can be incorporated into social policies and practice, unlike most social problems. A possible solution would be to educate individuals on acceptance of others different than oneself. Another solution would be to incorporate racial awareness in school curriculums for young children, so that discrimination does not become habituated as a way of thinking.

Institutional discrimination is a barrier for minorities in succeeding in the American society. Although there is no longer discrimination on a personal level, barriers still exist in social policies and practices. There are two major types of institutional discrimination: legacy and stereotypes. Institutional discrimination is most seen in the welfare system where poor people are stereotyped as lazy. The government uses this stereotype to pass welfare-to-work laws that discriminate against minorities, denying them many benefits. If a person is given a degree based on race, they are being discriminated against because of their race, even if they’re given it because they deserve it. Combating institutional discrimination will require social policies to change and norms to shift in order to change stereotypes and make things equal for everyone..

Institutional discrimination is the mistreatment of a group of people systematically when some aspect of the social system prevents them from obtaining equal opportunities, rights, and privileges. Institutional discrimination includes both policies and practices that were created to express and perpetuate historical or contemporary social inequities between groups. Although some overt forms of institutional discrimination have been eradicated over the last few decades, several covert forms of institutional discrimination remain in society. An example of institutional discrimination would be voting rights for women in America. Until 1920, women were not allowed to vote because they were seen as unequal to men. The only types of jobs women had were work inside the household or if they stayed home to care for children, elderly family members, or sick family members. In order to eliminate such institutional discrimination that creates barriers to public education and health access, speak out against it and fight it in every way you can think of.

Institutional discrimination has many forms, but most are marked by the unfair preference of groups. For example, individuals that belong to a certain social group or organization get preferential treatment over others when it comes to jobs and housing. These vacancies, though they seem available and appropriate, are actually taken by individual members of this social group. Some examples of institutional discrimination in policies and practices include the treatment of African Americans in the past by the United States government. The 14 th Amendment to the U.S Constitution states that all citizens shall have “equal protection under its laws.” This law was meant to ensure what it stated. However in its time it had a different meaning than we understand now. Past African American were not given equal opportunities when applying for jobs or even when trying to be guaranteed an education. Policies were created in order to make sure that African Americans were treated unfairly and differently from their white counterparts. These policies included blocked access to voting polls for example which kept blacks from voting for their selected candidates in elections as well as unequal schooling opportunities . As far as solutions go I think that a few changes could definitely help resolve this societal dilemma .

Institutional discrimination is a failure to treat everyone equally, across all aspects of life. On the job, in education, or while receiving healthcare services, organizations discriminate against others that do not meet their standards. These viewpoints are so deeply rooted in society that many institutions are unaware they are discriminating. An example institutional discrimination is religious groups discriminating others. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of a Lutheran teacher who had been denied a promotion at St Peter’s Catholic elementary school after she expressed her religious beliefs through her right to free speech.

__Young school children are beaten by teachers in public schools across the United States, with little consequence. One solution to this institutional discrimination is the enactment of laws that protect students in public schools. Another solution is the implementation of mandatory policies that instruct school officials on ways to handle disciplinary issues respectfully.




Provide an example of institutional discrimination. Explain how this social problem became incorporated into social policies and practices. What are some possible solutions to alleviate or eliminate this social problem from policies and practices? Explain if you have seen the elimination of some institutional discrimination in your experience.

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