Research reveals that cannabis has over 100 different chemicals known as cannabinoids
The use of cannabis has drawn the attention of many Americans with some support legalization due to its medicinal values, while others are opposing the idea claiming it will lead to an increase in crime. Some of the groups that support the use of cannabis in the health sector include the Democrats who believe and a high number of Americans who argue that marijuana is safer compared to other drugs. However, some organizations, such as the U.S Drug Enforcement Administration, are reluctant to use cannabis, citing its abuse. They put the drug in the same category as heroin. Currently, it is legal to use marijuana in 32 states and the District of Columbia who claim cannabis is safe for medicinal uses (State Medical Marijuana Laws, 2019).
Research reveals that cannabis has over 100 different chemicals known as cannabinoids. Each chemical affects the body differently. Bridgeman and Abazia (2017) note that among the most common compounds are cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These chemicals can treat conditions including cancer through reduction of pain during chemotherapy, Alzheimer’s, Crohn’s disease, reduce inflammation, nausea, and wasting syndrome known as cachexia (Freeman, Hindocha, Green & Bloomfield, 2019). These chemicals can also boost eating appetite, reduce pain, and contain mental health issues such as posttraumatic stress disorder. More research is, however, underway concerning the health benefits of cannabis.
As people conduct more research on the medicinal effects of cannabis, new products and innovations encourage the expansion of cannabinoid-based pharmaceuticals. Biotech organizations also take advantage of the growing demand for marijuana. In 2018, the former Attorney General allowed prosecutors to decide the application of the marijuana laws (State Medical Marijuana Laws, 2019). As more states continue debating about the legalization of the drug, it seems that in the future, it will be legal to use marijuana for medical purposes in the whole of the United States (Tawfik, Hashan, Abdelaal, Tieu & Huy, 2019). Research from Market Research shows that the market for medicinal cannabis was $8.28 in 2017 and predicts growth to $28.1 billion by 2022 (“The Demand for Legal Cannabis Products are Expected to Grow,” 2019). Therefore, the market for cannabis in the health sectors seems to grow significantly in the coming years.
Medicinal cannabis can be traced to more than 5,000 years in history throughout the World. In the early 20thcentury cannabis in the United States was applied as medicine. California championed the application of botanical cannabis as medicine in 1996 under the supervision of a physician. The nation as a whole then began to review and investigate the use and application of cannabis for both medical, products, and recitational use in the United States.
The individual States have been stakeholder calling for the legalization and sale of cannabis. One example other than California is the District of Columbia, Colorado, and Seattle who have permitted public medical cannabis. Designations are set forth in these States as a provision that no criminal sentences for the use of medical cannabis applies. Following in these States footsteps, Nations across the world are also planning the legalization of medical cannabis. Spain for instance allows citizens to grow cannabis. Other stakeholders include cooperation’s who plan cannabis as a big profit business. Additional pharmaceutical companies plan to use cannabis as a form of pain management and seizure medications. Plus, products such as lotions, dog food, and even shampoos include cannabis in the ingredients.
A report by UNICEF in 2013 gives information on the increasing use of Medical cannabis telling that nations are now embracing the importance of cannabis by moving from restricted to legalization to fully legalization of the possession, production, as well as the sale of cannabis (Spithoff, Emerson, & Spithoff, 2015). Thus, the level of States approving cannabis for medical prescriptions is increasing. In 2013, the U.S. Department of Justice announced an update to its cannabis enforcement policy, arguing that States have permitted the approval of adult cannabis use (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2019). Looking towards the future, laws will most likely be passed that approved the legalized of both the medical use and personal use of cannabis.