PSY 352 Topic 6 Discussion Question 1:

PSY 352 Topic 6 Discussion Question 1:


Different types of tobacco products—such as pipes, cigars, cigarettes, and Vapes/E-cigarettes— carry different health risks. Tobacco smoke contains thousands of chemicals and hundreds of cancer-causing ones. Even tobacco smoke that you don’t inhale can still cause cancer and heart disease.

As the health risks of smoking have become more widely known, it has led to lower smoking rates in the UK. In England specifically, just 9% of adults are regular smokers [1]. However, a recent report suggests that youth and young adults cannot be complacent around smoking [2]. There are four main risks associated with cigarettes/pipes/cigars/vaping (or e-cigarettes) and these are:

We’re used to seeing people with a cigarette dangling from their mouths – and actually considered smoking cool before we became aware of its health risks. The same attitude is true for pipes and cigars but with little one knowing about the health risks associated with them either. However, in the 21st century, when people are now trying stop smoking or at least cut back on cigarettes, pipes and cigars are a threat to their efforts.

With rates of lung cancer and other smoking-related diseases continuing to rise, it is essential to learn the truth about how cigarettes, pipes, cigars and e-cigarettes affect your health.

Smoking remains a leading cause of preventable deaths in the US. Despite decades of research, there is still a great deal we don’t know about the long-term risks associated with smoking. To help fill this gap and determine the health risks, we conducted a longitudinal study using biomarkers on nearly 2,200 individuals to examine the associations between smoking and periodontitis – an infection of the gums often caused by smoking.

Did you know that smoking kills more than 480,000 people per year? Or that the cost of tobacco use is $170 billion each year in the U.S. alone? Smoking and secondhand smoke exposure can lead to mouth, esophagus and stomach cancers. Other risks include increased risk of stroke and heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). According to the American Lung Association, while cigarette smoking has declined since 1964 from 42% to 15%, waterpipe usage has surged from 0.01% in 1992 to 9% in 2014. Young adults are among the highest users of hookahs and shisha.

Not only is regular smoking harmful to one’s health, but recent research suggests that the health risks posed by e-cigarettes are decreasing as well. Public health officials have pumped out statistics about how toxic and carcinogenic e-cigarettes are for months. Their focus? That nicotine is dangerous, and that it will inevitably lead those who use e-cigarettes to want traditional cigarettes in the future. The new rhetoric is changing, though. Here’s why.

The New England Journal of Medicine recently published a study that suggests that each puff of cigarette smoke may damage DNA in human lungs and cause more cancer in smokers than previously thought. According to the study, a normal smoking habit amounts to an extra 15 minutes of smoking each day.

Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas and is generally an inert gas in working pressures. However, at high concentrations it can cause asphyxiation.





 What are the health risks associated with pipes, cigars, cigarettes, vaping/or e-cigarettes for the lifespan of an individual?

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