PSY-102: General Psychology

PSY-102: General Psychology

week 1: Introduction to Psychology and Role of Biology.


PSY-102 General Psychology
Topic 1 – Introduction to Psychology and Role of Biology
Mini Brain Project
Directions: Conduct research on a selected brain area or structure. Areas and structures available
for research include: frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, medulla, pons,
cerebellum, reticular formation, thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system, cerebrum,
hippocampus, amygdala, corpus callosum, Broca’s area, OR Wernicke’s area.
Conduct research using scholarly Internet sources, library sources, and the textbook.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is
expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines
which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. Each
question should be a minimum of 50 words.
Part 1: Using your research thoroughly answer the questions below:

1. Where is the area or structure located?

The frontal lobe is located at the very front of the brain and kind of on top as well.

Directly behind the forehead.

2. What are its major functions?

The major function of this structure is that it controls important cognitive skills

like emotion, problem solving, language, judgement, memory, and sexual behaviors.

3. What techniques are used to view or measure it?

Techniques that are used to view or measure it would be an MRI.

4. What happens when it is damaged?

When this part of the brain is damaged, it can cause changes in personality,

limited facial expressions, and cause difficulty in interpreting one’s environment,

for example, not being able to properly assess risk or danger.

5. What other structures is it near?

The nearest structure to the frontal lobe is the temporal lobe

6. What other structures help or perform similar functions?

Another structure that performs a similar function to the frontal lobe would be the

cerebrum, as that is also responsible for memory and speech. The frontal lobe is responsible for


Stuss, D. T., & Knight, R. T. (Eds.). (2002). Principles of frontal lobe function. ProQuest Ebook
Part 2: Once you have answered the questions above, please select an activity below and
complete it.
• Make a model of the brain emphasizing your structure using food or common – everyday
– household items.
• Create a mnemonic device that will help classmates remember the most important
information about your structure.
• Design a T-shirt with an illustration of structure and function.
• Compose a motto/bumper sticker your structure might adopt (include a logo to
accompany the motto).
• Create a cartoon featuring your structure.
Insert Picture: A picture of the product created must be inserted below. The student must be
included in the picture holding the final product or credit will not be awarded (Only instructor
will be able to see the picture added).
Photo is inserted below. I designed what would be on the t-shirt, however I do not have the
money to have the t-shirt made right now. That would be the print that would go on the t-shirt
PSY-102: General Psychology

week 2: PSY-102: General Psychology

How does perception influence communication interactions in positive and negative ways?
Perception can be used to influence a person’s communication interactions, both positively and negatively.
Perception is the cognitive process that allows humans to understand their environments (Regan, 2016). This
impacts how people perceive a massage. This means that one message can have two different meanings,
depending on who is listening to the message. On one hand, this is great; it allows for different views and various
points of view to be made. In a situation where a problem needs to be solved, different perceptions can help come
up with various solutions. On the other hand, this can be negative. Since perception is individualized a person can
perceive a message incorrectly. They may not understand the message or have different views that cause them to
understand the message negatively. Perception is a critical part of communicating, however, it can negatively
shape how a person receives a message.
Regan, B. (2016). Chapter 3: Self-perception. In Grand Canyon University (Ed.) Human communication. Retrieved
PSY-102: General Psychology

week 3: PSY-102: General Psychology

intrinsic motivation
engaging in a behavior because it is personally rewarding (ex. solving puzzles bc you like challenges)

extrinsic motivation

motivation to perform a behavior or engage in an activity to earn a reward or avoid punishment (ex. participating in a sport to win awards)


An interest in establishing and maintaining relationships with other people.


something accomplished, especially by superior ability, special effort, great courage


A tendency to seek impact, control, or influence over others, and to be seen as a powerful individual.

health psychology

a field that integrates research on health and on psychology; it involves the application of psychological principles in promoting health and well-being.

the biopsychosocial model

broad view that attributes disease outcome to the intricate, variable interaction of biological factors, psychological factors and social factors

type A personality

personality traits characterized by competiveness, achievement orientation, aggressiveness, hostility, restlessness, impatience with others, and an inability to relax.

type B personality

personality traits characterized by being noncompetitive, relaxed, easygoing, and accommodating.

social psychology

the study of how people are influenced by their interactions with others.

PSY-102: General Psychology

week 4: PSY-102: Eyewitness Testimony



Eyewitness memories are the most important information for investigations in criminal
offences (Wells &Memon& Penrod, 2006). Eyewitnesses testimonies have been the biggest way
for judge or police to have an explanation given to them on what has occurred. An eyewitness is
a person who has witnessed or is a victim of a crime and is called into the court to describe what
they saw during the crime that is under investigation. For instance, someone may be called as an
eyewitness to a robbery, or a car accident that has happened. Eyewitness testimonies are the
account of what they saw and remember happening from that crime. If a person only saw the end
result, they wouldn’t be called to be an eyewitness because they didn’t see the whole thing
happen. Eyewitness testimonies have negative and positive effects in the court room on cases.

article 1:

The first article is about how eyewitness’ have been found unreliable because one issue
that can happen is their memories get mixed together. Many people are convicted due to
inaccuracy in eyewitnesses because the judge and jury believe what the eyewitness said even if it
was not accurate(Innocence Project, 2018). Two studies were done about a fake crime to see how
their memories remembered it. In the study they interviewed everyone in the simulated crime to
see how reliable their information was. The way interviewers checked this was by pauses when
talking in the eyewitness, using words like I think, and using nonexistent words like um.
Majority of the eyewitnesses struggled to correctly say what exactly happened (Ball
&Callagham, 2001).

PSY-102: General Psychology

week 5:


basolateral complex
part of the brain with dense connections with a variety of sensory areas of the brain; it is critical for classical conditioning and attaching emotional value to memory

body language

emotional expression through body position or movement

Cannon-Bard theory of emotion

physiological arousal and emotional experience occur at the same time

cognitive-mediational theory

our emotions are determined by our appraisal of the stimulus

components of emotion

physiological arousal, psychological appraisal, and subjective experience

cultural display rule

one of the culturally specific standards that govern the types and frequencies of emotions that are acceptable

facial feedback hypothesis

facial expressions are capable of influencing our emotions

James-Lange theory of emotion

emotions arise from physiological arousal


lie detector test that measures physiological arousal of individuals as they answer a series of questions

Schachter-Singer two-factor theory of emotion

emotions consist of two factors: physiological and cognitive

PSY-102: General Psychology


How might a psychologist study “mate selection” based on each of these four levels of
psychological analysis (biological, individual, social, and cultural)?
Hello Class and Professor,
A psychologist can utilize the four levels of psychological analysis for “mate selection” in the
following ways:
Biological analysis: Must be with the genes on the individual that control thoughts, feelings and
actions that will eventually determine the neurochemistry between two people and how they will
feel once they come into contact with each other.
Individual Analysis: would be by studying the persons age groups, gender and personality. These
control the thinking, decision making, memory, vision and language.
Social Analysis: Studies interpersonal behavior of groups, relationships, influence and workplace
interactions. This has to deal with perceptions, stereotypes and attitudes towards individuals.
Cultural Analysis: Studies the thoughts, behaviors and actions in various societies and cultures. It
deals with the beliefs, norms, values and symbols.
Keltner, D., & Haidt, J. (1999). Social Functions of Emotions at Four Levels of Analysis.
Cognition & Emotion, 13(5), 505-521. doi:10.1080/026999399379168
Review the research-related subfields in psychology in chapter one of your textbook.
Which subfield is most relevant to your academic interests? Professional interests?
Personal interests? Explain why?



PSY-102: General Psychology

need help. click here

Scroll to Top