Homework Topic 4


Homework Topic 4


Define Negotiation as it applies to Patient Education

Patient education is a crucial practice in healthcare delivery. It enables the patient to have adequate knowledge regarding their conditions, treatment procedures, and expectations to enable them to have better health outcomes and live a quality life. How doctors and other healthcare providers interact and relate with the patients during their conversations is the process of negotiation (Brett & Thompson, 2016). Patient education can be done at the bedside or by giving the patients pamphlets well designed for the same purpose. As aforementioned, patient education empowers the patient, thus making them able to make informed decisions regarding their health (Flanders, 2018). The negotiation process involves three steps: content, relationship levels, and problem-solving phases. Each of the phases must be adhered to for a successful negotiation.

Explain How the Change in the Patient’s Status through the Years Has Affected Patient Education

Various transformations have been experienced in the healthcare sector that has significantly changed healthcare services delivery. An important factor is the incorporation of technology which has improved the management of various conditions as it has enhanced sharing of online health information. This has facilitated patient education since the patients can easily and quickly get help without visiting the doctor (Wittink & Oosterhaven, 2018). There is a quick adjustment to this new norm, which has drastically improved the health status of these patients, empowering them to make informed decisions without compromising their safety and privacy.


List the Pros and Cons of Negotiation

There are several types of negotiations, each with its pros and cons. Forcing, for instance, is advantageous as little time is spent. It is, however, disadvantageous since it can lead to deadlock, especially when tried by both parties (Brett & Thompson, 2016). Besides, the losing party often feels annoyed due to unfair treatment. Besides, compromising negotiations is advantageous since it is considered fair, as both sides win or lose. The con, however, is that there is a high likelihood of both parties becoming disenchanted, as both parties fail to get what they exactly wanted. Lastly, the accommodating type of negotiation is advantageous since one party can give in once they realize that their fight is not worth it, thereby quickly resolving the conflict (Brett & Thompson, 2016). It is, however, disadvantageous since, by giving up, the party is likely to lose a lot in the process.

Describe the General Conditions That Would Be Included In a Patient Contract

A patient contract is essential between the healthcare providers and the patient to enhance adherence to treatment and other health promotion programs to improve the patient’s care and their health outcomes. Patient contracts, however, are governed by certain conditions and requirements. Some of these include; attendance, where the patient is expected to attend their appointments as appropriate, with those who fail to do so having to undergo more appointments with more strict time regulations (Brett & Thompson, 2016). The other general condition is behavior, where the patients are expected to conduct themselves appropriately, both verbally and physically.



Discuss Old Age and the Baby Boomer

A baby boomer is a term used to refer to individuals born post world war 11, between 1946 and 1964 (Wister, 2016). Analysis indicates that during the onset of old age among different individuals, the baby boomers are far much more exhausted and exposed than the other groups of individuals who are on the course of their lives and those on the nation’s path as a whole. Baby boomers, in their view, feel that things were better off initially when they were young. Hence, most often, they are unsatisfied with the way things are currently going on in the world (Wister, 2016).

List Several Generational, Religious, and Cultural Differences between the 30-Year-Old Health Care Professional and the Elderly Patient.

The patients’ needs differ, depending on their generation, cultural and religious backgrounds. Between a 30-year-old healthcare professional and an elderly patient, there are variations in cultural beliefs and practices and the different generations, making doctor-patient interaction ineffective. The healthcare professional must understand the patient’s generation and respect their cultural and religious beliefs and practices (Wister, 2016). With the current incorporation of technology in healthcare, this may be inapplicable to the older generation as seen in this scenario, thus requiring the healthcare provider to develop a patient-centered approach that will address the patient’s needs without compromising their cultural and religious beliefs and practices, since it is expected that such an elderly patient to be held strictly to the religious beliefs and practices.


Explain Some of the Barriers to Patient Education of the Elderly and Discuss Their Special Needs

Patient education is critical as it enables the healthcare provider to monitor its progress. It is also important for the patient, as it enables them to understand more regarding their health conditions. The barriers, however, to effective patient education, especially among the elderly, surround communication (Ranjbar et al., 2016). The elderly often speak a particular language due to various cultural and ethnic backgrounds with different languages, which may cause language barriers, especially when the nurse speaks a different language. This can result in misunderstandings, thus making the patient education process ineffective.

List Ways to Best Approach Patient Education of the Elderly

Patient education is a critical process for patients of all ages. However, the elderly require a special approach to enhance the effectiveness of this process. An important approach is developing a special program that will ensure that these patients obtain adequate information regarding how best they can take care of their health (Wittink & Oosterhaven, 2018). The complexity of health needs increases as one ages, given the increased incidences of chronic health conditions during this period. Healthcare professionals should approach the elderly with the utmost respect, without showing any form of discrimination or disrespect to their cultural beliefs and practices (Wittink & Oosterhaven, 2018). Besides, those with special needs should also be taken care of to enhance health outcomes.

Discuss Some Cultural and Religious Beliefs about Death That You Have Encountered

Death is perceived differently depending on cultural beliefs and religious practices. Some religions, such as Christianity, regard death as a transition to eternal life, with most of them having no objections against autopsies, with some even allowing for organ donation to other individuals so that they can have a second chance to live (Jong et al., 2018). Other religions such as Islam and Judaism are against an autopsy since it violates their beliefs regarding the sanctity of maintaining the human body as a whole. Hindus have no problem with autopsies, although they insist that every individual must have their organs back following an autopsy.

Explain Why It Is Important To Discuss Death and Dying With the Elderly Patient and What the Impact Is On All Involved

Discussing death with an elderly patient is essential, as it enables them to make peace with it, erase all the preexisting fears regarding death, and enjoy their last moments with their loved ones. Through interactions with their families, the patient will be able to educate the family members on how they expect them to behave and live afterward so that they can live a meaningful life (Coyle et al., 2015). Discussing death also enables the family to understand that their loved one will soon leave them; thus, they come to terms with that.

Explain How to Teach a Patient with a Life-Threatening Illness

A life-threatening illness could significantly impact a patient’s physical and psychological well-being. Thus, teaching such patients should encourage them to fight on so that they do not give up in the process. Teaching such patients should also encourage them to live in the moment and keep the good memories, without stressing about the past or whatever lies in the future. The healthcare provider can also pick examples of other patients in similar situations and encourage the patient (Coyle et al., 2015). In addition, he can give the patients inspirational books and articles that will further encourage them.



Brett, J., & Thompson, L. (2016). Negotiation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 136, 68-79. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749597816303648

Coyle, N., Manna, R., Shen, M. J., Banerjee, S. C., Penn, S., Pehrson, C., … & Bylund, C. L. (2015). Discussing death, dying, and end-of-life goals of care: a communication skills training module for oncology nurses. Clinical journal of oncology nursing, 19(6), 697. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4962541/

Flanders, S. A. (2018). Effective patient education: Evidence and common sense. Medsurg Nursing, 27(1), 55-58. https://search.proquest.com/openview/cb3e59032617667dc83c68a4cf971c09/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=30764

Jong, J., Ross, R., Philip, T., Chang, S. H., Simons, N., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). The religious correlates of death anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 8(1), 4-20. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2153599X.2016.1238844

Ranjbar, E. M., Mahdian, M., Eslami, H., & Amini, A. (2016). PATIENT EDUCATION BARRIERS FROM NURSES’OPINIONS. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=510705

Wister, A. (2016). Baby boomer health dynamics. University of Toronto Press. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.3138/9781442628151/html

Wittink, H., & Oosterhaven, J. (2018). Patient education and health literacy. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 38, 120-127. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2468781218302182




Write a short (50-100-word) paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

Define negotiation as it applies to patient education.
Explain how the change in the patient’s status through the years has affected patient education.
List the pros and cons of negotiation.
Describe the general conditions that would be included in a patient contract.
Discuss old age and the baby boomer.
List several generational, religious, and cultural differences between the 30-year-old health care professional and the elderly patient.
Explain some of the barriers to patient education of the elderly and discuss their special needs.
List ways to best approach patient education of the elderly.
Discuss some cultural and religious beliefs about death that you have encountered.
Explain why it is important to discuss death and dying with the elderly patient and what the impact is on all involved.
Explain how to teach a patient with a life-threatening illness.


Updates to Homework Topic Four

Stay within the word count: answers to each question should be only 50-100 words: a total of 600-1,100 words maximum. More than 50 words over the top limit and anything less than the lower limit will result in a reduced score.
Only .doc or .docx formats are allowed.
Don’t repeat the assignment questions: this falsely increases the word count.
The text must be in Times New Roman 12 pt font and be double-spaced.
You are required to use a minimum of two scholarly resources: for every reference, there must be matching citations in the text.
Review the List of Allowed Online Scholarly Resources located in Topic 1 DQ1: only resources from this list are allowed to be used in your assignments.
References and citations must be in GCU Format: use the GCU Citation Guide located in Topic 4 DQ2 for examples of proper format for citations and references.

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