Group Involvement in Healthcare

 Group Involvement in Healthcare

Interdisciplinary teamwork is an important model for delivering health care to patients.

Teamwork in health is defined as two or more people who interact interdependently with a common purpose, working toward measurable goals that benefit from leadership that maintains stability while encouraging honest discussion and problem solving [1] . Researchers have found that integrating services among many health providers is a key component to better treat undeserved populations and communities with limited access to health care [2].NURS 6053 wk 5: Group Involvement in Healthcare

As the name implies, teamwork in health care employs the practices of collaboration and enhanced communication to expand the traditional roles of health workers and to make decisions as a unit that works toward a common goal [3]. The Canadian Health Services Research Foundation [4] found that teams function better when they have a clear purpose and implement protocols and procedures. Also important is the use of meetings and other communication methods to discuss patient results, share information, and debate suggestions to improve performance [5]. Teamwork and collaboration are especially essential to care of patients in a decentralized health system with many levels of health workers [2].NURS 6053 Essay Assignments

Health care, by definition, is a multidisciplinary profession in which doctors, nurses, health professionals from different specialties must work together, communicate often, and share resources[3]. Health teams are often made up of a variety of professionals – called cadres in health care – each with specialized knowledge and responsible for different tasks. These multidisciplinary teams are made up to solve health problems [4]. Successful health teams strive to understand the patient’s situation, ask probing questions about the problem, make an initial assessment and, after discussion, provide a recommendation6. Teams can also work together to develop health promotion for diverse communities and instill disease prevention behaviors amongst patients [2].NURS 6053 wk 5: Group Involvement in Healthcare

Why is teamwork important

Teamwork became an important health intervention for a number of reasons. First, clinical care is becoming more complex and specialized, forcing medical staffs to attempt complicated health services and quickly learn new methods. Aging populations, the increase of chronic diseases like diabetes, cancer, and heart disease have forced medical staffs to take a multidisciplinary approach to health care [6, 7]. In countries like the United States, medical teams must manage patients suffering from multiple health problems [8].

Other countries are also concerned with increasing access to health care for diverse populations. In Brazil, health teams train to intimately understand the needs of patients, but also of local communities and different cultures [2]

Secondly, researchers have found that working together reduces the number of medical errors and increases patient safety [9, 10]. Teamwork also reduces issues that lead to burnout [4]. No longer is one person responsible for the patient’s health; today, an entire team of health workers comes together to coordinate a patient’s well-being [11] . Health teams help break down hierarchy and centralized power of health organizations, giving more leverage to health workers [12].

Third, because teamwork is centered on solid communication, patients and their families sometimes feel more at ease and report they accept treatments and feel more satisfied with their health care [6, 7]. Health workers are also found to be more satisfied with their work [13]. A study found nurses who go through successful team building efforts are more satisfied with their work [13].

Teamwork and medical school

Teamwork and team training is now seen as essential part of preservice education. Because learning how to communicate effectively and work together can be time consuming, learning teamwork within the context of medical curricula will make students better prepared [14].NURS 6053 wk 5: Group Involvement in Healthcare

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