Critical Appraisal of Research


Critical Appraisal of Research

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Critical Appraisal of Research

Part 3A: Critical appraisal

Violence against nurses is an issue that has been identified as a significant global problem. Registered nurses are the most affected people, and the violence may be physical assault, bullying, or verbal abuse. As presented in the article, “workplace violence in nursing: a concept analysis,” Al-Qadi (2021) clarifies the concept of workplace violence in an organized manner. The introduction makes it easier for any reader to capture the overall concept and how it needs to be solved. Also, the background information helps define the term violence and goes into depth by discussing the various types and how they can be reported. The method used to conduct the study and the results reveal the practice as a threat that causes injuries whenever it occurs.

This is also evident in the article “Workplace violence against emergency service nurses: an integrative review.” From this work, Jofre et al. (2020) present a review of the worldwide frequency of verbal and physical violence against nurses and the occupational and health impacts that it causes. The authors conduct a comprehensive study using library databases such as SciELO, CINAHL, LILACS, and MEDLINE. For any reader, this provides them with a direction on the best materials to consider when conducting research. From the article, the authors have established a technique that assists them in achieving the desired results. Most assault tends to occur in the emergency service, ranging from physical violence and verbal aggression. Also, the article presents a comprehensive conclusion that recommends the need to stop violence against nurses that affect their productivity. Therefore, it is easier for any reader to capture the required intention.

When nurses are assaulted, it may come from senior staff colleagues or patients. Therefore, there is a need to investigate the nature of violence nurses may face from various people. Electronic health records can assist in providing better care to patients, while the data can be used to study how patients assault their care providers (Mitchell et al., 2014). In their article, “Electronic Health Record Mortality Prediction Model for Targeted Palliative Care among Hospitalized Medical Patients: a Pilot Quasi-experimental Study,” Courtright et al. (2019) comprehensively present the reason behind EHR development. They represent the best research by describing how the EHR model approach can assist reduce the mortality rate among patients. The article helps inform the reader that the mortality rate can increase due to any incidence of violence against nurses, affecting their production rate. Also, the causes of reduced production among nurses are presented in an organized manner by Sisawo et al. (2017) in their article “Workplace violence against nurses in the Gambia: mixed methods design.”

The article presents an overview of workplace violence against nurses and the factors associated with the issue. Any reader of the article can assess the factors as lack of management attention, shortage of drugs and supplies, disagreements among clients and nurses, and security vacuum. Although the research study was conducted in the Gambia, it provides an understanding that the same factors can apply to any other nursing organization. The authors use the research technique that every researcher should emulate.

Part 3B: Best practice

The best practice is a research method that identifies, combines, describes, and distributes efficient strategies established by healthcare professionals or researchers to ensure effective delivery of care services. The article “Workplace violence against nurses in the Gambia: mixed methods design” presents the best practice so that a reader can capture and understand the concept behind workplace violence against nurses. The article utilizes a research technique that explores nursing violence.

Nurses’ violence is an issue that has persisted in most health care organizations. Therefore, addressing it would assist in improving nurses’ productivity, which is affected by burnout associated with violence. The article identifies various factors associated with violence. For instance, lack of security, staff and drug shortage, and poor workplace manners among nurses where nurses may utter indecent language towards their clients (Sisawo et al., 2017). The research uses qualitative and quantitative designs that assist in easier data collection. Hence, the research uses an evidence-based practice that uses interventions whose efficacy is well supported by numerous scholarly evidence.

The study proves the best practice by proposing various measures. For instance, the authors suggest the need to have interventions in the future that responds to the nursing staff’s needs to ensure workplace violence prevention. Also, the article suggests compulsory in-service education for nurses. It includes service behaviors, safety training, understanding of clients’ needs, and communication skills to effectively deal with workplace assaults that may arise on incoming nurses (Sisawo et al., 2017). Similarly, education can assist in heightening workplace violence in the workplace and improving nurses’ public image. Moreover, they suggest protecting staff by beefing up security at the various healthcare facilities. This is by assigning trained security guards, having patient visitors’ check-in procedures, and installing security video monitoring systems to reduce any violence in the workplace.

Al-Qadi, M. M. (2021). Workplace violence in nursing: A concept analysis. Journal of occupational health, 63(1), e12226.

Contreras Jofre, P., Valenzuela Solís, Á., Pinto Soto, J., Mendoza Ponce, N., & López-Alegría, F. (2020). Workplace violence against emergency service nurses: an integrative review. Revista panamericana de salud publica, 44, e173-e173. 10.26633/RPSP.2020.173

Mitchell, A., Ahmed, A., & Szabo, C. (2014). Workplace violence among nurses, why are we still discussing this? Literature review. Journal of nursing education and practice, 4(4), 147-150.

Sisawo, E. J., Ouédraogo, S. Y. Y. A., & Huang, S. L. (2017). Workplace violence against nurses in the Gambia: mixed methods design. BMC health services research, 17(1), 1-11.

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