Briefly explain the history of substance abuse treatment in the United States over the past 100 years.

Briefly explain the history of substance abuse treatment in the United States over the past 100 years.
Discussion: Substance Addiction Worksheet

Part One Directions: Provide short answers of 100-250 words each for the following questions/statements. Include at least three scholarly resources beyond the course textbook in your response and listed as a reference at the bottom of the worksheet.

1. Define the following types of biological effects in the context of substance use disorder treatment.

· Pharmacological

· Neurological

· Physiological

· Psychological

2. Select two substances from the following and describe at least two common pharmacological and physiological effect of each (100-250 words each).

· Opioids

· Stimulants

· Cannabinoids

· Hallucinogens

· Another DSM Substance Use Disorder of your choice

3. What is a process addiction? What is a substance use disorder? How are the two similar and how are they different?

4. How would a counselor establish a treatment relationship to work with a client with a substance use disorder or process addiction?

5. Briefly explain the history of substance abuse treatment in the United States over the past 100 years. How did the early practices differ from what is being done today?

6. Briefly describe the development of interdisciplinary/multidisciplinary teams in regards to the treatment of addictions.

Part Two Directions: Select one psychological and one biological theory/model from the list below and add them to the chart. Include a brief description of the model as well as the similarities and differences of the selected models.

Introduction to
substance use and
acquired brain injury
Is my substance use really a problem?
This is a very difficult question to answer, particularly for a person who has had a
brain injury. After reviewing the available information about the effects of
alcohol and brain injury we have concluded that it is not safe to use alcohol in
any amount after brain injury. Having said that, the usual recommended limits
for safe use of alcohol for those under the age of 65 are two drinks in a day for
men and one drink per day for women. The difference between men and
woman is based on size and the ability of the body to process the alcohol.
There are many reasons why it is generally considered unsafe to use illegal drugs.
There is a risk of getting arrested — people who sell drugs are not regulated by
law, so people who buy them are at risk for being the victims of crime. Some
illegal drugs pose a great risk of causing further brain injury as well. Taking more
of your prescription drugs than your doctor prescribes is also dangerous. Medical
complications, including further brain injury, can result.
If you have had a brain injury, it is not safe to drink alcohol in any amount, it is
not safe to use illegal drugs, and it is not safe to take more than the prescribed
dose of your medications.
Here are some signs that it might be time to ask for help —
do any of these signs apply to you?
❑ You have tried to cut back or stop using substances on your own but
somehow you keep on using
❑ Someone around you is very worried about your use of alcohol or drugs
❑ You worry about your use of alcohol or drugs
❑ You have had legal, financial or relationship problems that are related to
your use of alcohol or drugs
There are a lot of good reasons for avoiding the use of drugs and alcohol after a brain
injury. A helpful resource is: User’s manual for faster, more reliable operation of a
brain after injury

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